An analysis and a comparison of greek and roman civilization and culture

Clothing in ancient Rome Toga-clad statue, restored with the head of the emperor Nerva In ancient Rome, the cloth and the dress distinguished one class of people from the other class.

The tunic worn by plebeians common people like shepherds was made from coarse and dark material, whereas the tunic worn by patricians was of linen or white wool.

Boys, up until the festival of Liberaliawore the toga praetexta, which was a toga with a crimson or purple border, also worn by magistrates in office. The Forum was also a place where orators would express themselves to mould public opinionand elicit support for any particular issue of interest to them or others.

Usually, a nap or rest followed this. In the eastern half of the Roman Empire, which became the Byzantine Empire ; Greek was the main lingua franca as it had been since the time of Alexander the Greatwhile Latin was mostly used by the Roman administration and its soldiers.

In particular, Latin has survived through Ecclesiastical Latinthe traditional language of the Roman Catholic Church and one of the official languages of the Vatican City. The toga picta was worn by triumphant generals and had embroidery of their skill on the battlefield.

It was more commonly produced around the time of Cato the Elder who mentions in his book De Agri Cultura that the vineyard was the most important aspect of a good farm.

Fingers were used to take foods which were prepared beforehand and brought to the diners. Greece again asserted its independence through the formation of the Achaean Leaguewhich was finally defeated by the Romans in bce.

Breakfast was called ientaculum, lunch was prandium, and dinner was called cena. There were slave markets where they could be bought and sold. The proximity of the sea tempted the Greeks to range far and wide exploring it, but the fact of their living on islands or on peninsulas or in valleys separated by mountains on the mainland confined the formation of states to small areas not easily accessible from other parts.

Difference Between Romans and Greeks

Mulsum was honeyed wine, mustum was grape juice, mulsa was honeyed water. The authority of the pater familias was unlimited, be it in civil rights as well as in criminal law.

This fateful individualism in political development was also a reflection of the Hellenic temperament. Women wore closed shoes of colors such as white, yellow, or green.

Later on, a separate dining room with dining couches was designed, called a triclinium. Sometimes, subsidized or free foods were distributed in cities.

Although distinct from both Classical and Vulgar Latin in a number of ways, Ecclesiastical Latin was more stable than typical Medieval Latin.

Life in the ancient Roman cities revolved around the Forumthe central business districtwhere most of the Romans would go for marketingshoppingtradingbankingand for participating in festivities and ceremonies. By the age of twelve, they would be learning LatinGreekgrammar and literaturefollowed by training for public speaking.

To deal with this problem, the so-called clientela was created. In addition, individual colonies were strung out around the shores of the Black Sea in the north and across the eastern Mediterranean to Naukratis on the Nile delta and in Cyrenaica and also in the western Mediterranean in Sicily, lower Italy, and Massalia Marseille.

Sometimes, dancing girls would entertain the diners. Women and children ate separately, but in the later Empire period, with permissiveness creeping in, even decent women would attend such dinner parties. The position and nature of the country exercised a decisive influence in the evolution of Greek civilization.

When Christian teaching appeared in the Middle East, the Greek world of ideas exercised a decisive influence upon its spiritual evolution.

Culture of ancient Rome

Old English borrowings were relatively sparse and drew mainly from ecclesiastical usage after the Christianization of England. The day ended with a meal, generally left over from the noontime preparations.

Although English is Germanic rather than Romanic in origin— Britannia was a Roman provincebut the Roman presence in Britain had effectively disappeared by the time of the Anglo-Saxon invasions—English today borrows heavily from Latin and Latin-derived words.

Each tribe had a single vote. These included patricians and plebeians. Like the assembly of tribes, each century had one vote.

The family ate together, sitting on stools around a table. The patricians were divided into three tribes Ramnenses, Titientes, Luceres. In the comitia centuriata the Romans were divided according to age, wealth and residence.

They occupied principally parts of the Peloponnese Sparta and Argolis and also Crete.Via the Roman Empire, Greek culture came to be foundational to Western culture in general. The Byzantine Empire inherited Classical Greek culture directly, without Latin intermediation, and the preservation of classical Greek learning in medieval Byzantine tradition exerted strong influence on the Slavs and later on the Islamic Golden Age and.

Greek Influence on the Roman Empire Essay Words Oct 21st, 12 Pages Introduction Classical Greek culture had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire, which carried a version of it to many parts of the Mediterranean region and Europe.

The culture of ancient Rome existed throughout the almost year history of the civilization of Ancient Rome. The term refers to the culture of the Roman Republic, later the Roman Empire, which at its peak covered an area from Lowland Scotland and Morocco to the Euphrates.

The entire empire of China collapsed while only half of the Roman empire fell. Nomadic people helped both empires collapse, but they successfully invaded China and reestablished the dynastic system.

In the Roman Empire, the nomads lead it to the political fragmentation of Europe.

(Note the the Macedonians during their heyday had a much broader base among rural peasants, more on the Roman model). Over time both Greek and Roman armies professionalized, but in different ways. Greek culture became one of the principal components of Roman imperial culture and together with it spread throughout Europe.

When Christian teaching appeared in the Middle East, the Greek world of ideas exercised a .

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An analysis and a comparison of greek and roman civilization and culture
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