Applying theories of memory and forgetting

A retrieval cue is a hint or clue that can help retrieval. When information is encoded into the memory and retrieved with a technique called spaced retrievalthis helps older adults retrieve the events stored in the memory better.

InHM had brain surgery to treat his epilepsy, which had become extremely severe. In general, his memory for events before the surgery remains intact, but he does have some memory loss for events which occurred in the two years leading up to surgery.

Retroactive and Proactive inhibition each referring in contrast to the other. When we store a new memory we also store information about the situation and these are known as retrieval cues. Retrieval cues can be: Forgetting can mean access problems, availability problems, or can have other reasons such as amnesia caused by an accident.

First, the memory has disappeared - it is no longer available. American Journal of Psychiatry, 2 Phenomena, Experiment and Theory.

How well something has been encoded in the memory can be measured by completing specific tests of retrieval. This makes it very difficult to be sure that any forgetting which takes place is the result of decay rather than a consequence of the intervening events.

American Scientist, 62, This means that words early in the list are more likely to be transferred to long-term memory. One group did this on the beach and the other group underwater. The notion that there should be less forgetting when the mood state at learning and at retrieval is the same is generally known as mood-state-dependent memory.

Displacement theory provides a very simple explanation of forgetting. However, words in the middle of the list used to be in short term memory until they were pushed out - or displaced by the words at the end of the list.

British Journal of Psychology, 66 3 Cue-dependent forgetting[ edit ] Cue-dependent forgetting also, context-dependent forgetting or retrieval failure, is the failure to recall a memory due to missing stimuli or cues that were present at the time the memory was encoded.

There is evidence that the consolidation process is impaired if there is damage to the hippocampus a region of the brain.


The main problem experienced by HM is his inability to remember and learn new things. When we take in new information, a certain amount of time is necessary for changes to the nervous system to take place — the consolidation process — so that it is properly recorded.

Therefore, forgetting happens as a result of automatic decay of the memory trace in brain.

Theories of Forgetting

This is an example of retroactive interference. It is the length of time the information has to be retained that is important.Chapter 6: Learning, memory and forgetting Theories of memory generally consider both the architecture of the memory system and the processes operating within that structure.

Architecture refers to the way in which the memory system is organised. D. Repression and theories of forgetting (Loftus & Polage, ) Three ways in which memory failures are “mistaken” as repression. 1) Retrieval failures: misunderstood experiences (e.g. child sexual abuse) are often poorly remembered.

The Theories Of Forgetting. Print Reference this Memory goes wrong in mundane and minor, or in dramatic and disastrous ways.

Why We Forget. Forgetting is actually both necessary and useful. the subject you are studying to your environment and you will find your self fond of that subject because you are applying it in your life.

How we. an organic/physical explanation of forgetting based on the assumption that when something new is learned, a memory trace or neural imprint of the experience (that contains the stored information) is formed in the brain; the trace gradually fades over time through disuse unless it is reactivated by being used.

Applying Theories of Memory and Forgetting.

Applying Theories of Memory and Forgetting PSY June 02, This paper will have information about Long Term Memory and information on forgetting.

It will also explain my plan for remembering information on the test in week 4. These theories consist of the decay theory, interference theory, consolidation failure theory, motivated forgetting theory, and the prospective forgetting theory. Perhaps one of the most dated theories of forgetting is the decay theory.

Applying theories of memory and forgetting
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