Monotony Separation of planing function from that of doing, and excessive specialization, reduces the work to a mere routine. It is due to the various advantages that may accrue to various parties due to the adoption of scientific methods.
It is focused on specialization and repetition of jobs to increase the productivity which reduces innovation and creativity and promotes monotony d.
It replaces the old system of management rule of thumb method and introduces new and scientific methods.
Each human being has his own genius, abilities, style and mode. Better working conditions c. Reduction of production cost To workers a. People get better quality products at lower cost b. Disadvantages of Scientific Management from Employees point of view The principal objections raised by the organized trade unions and the labour class are as follows: Any attempt to standardize their activities will not result in a success.
It is also stated that the introduction of Scientific Management, has the effect of lowering the wages of the workers. If they fail to respond favorably, the system shall fail to bring the desired results.
There is no scope for creativity of employees because they are developed by manager which promotes frustration. Scientific selection and training of employees leads to better workforce which ensures increase in efficiency c.
The workers are supposed to perform the work in the same style and carry out the instructions given by the foreman. Unsuitable for Small Firms Since the introduction of Scientific Management involves huge expenditure, small firms cannot afford to adopt it.
Further, enhanced earnings also lead to higher standard of living of the workers Thus, scientific management does justice to various sections of the society such as producers, workers and the consumers. Payment of wages on piece rate basis will make the workers disappointed, particularly the beginners and untrained workers.
Time and motion studies as well as other improvements involve a heavy initial outlay of capital. Creation of Unemployment The critics of scientific management also argue that scientific management creates unemployment and hits the workers hard as a consequence of the adoption of labour saving devices both in the machinery and in the arrangement of work.
This removes most of the causes for industrial disputes and unrest. Careful time and motion studies eradicate delays, avoid bodily strains of the workers, eliminate wastage and thereby contribute to the efficiency of the workers and ensures waste less utilization of the resources. Application of scientific methods and techniques in better working conditions to reduce fatigue d.
Hence, the best can be obtained only by giving scope to shape their carrier according to their carrier abilities and aptitudes. It provides trained minds for achieving higher degree of excellence in all branches of shop management.
Not only the workers, but also the employees and even industrial psychologists are questioning the validity of Scientific Management.
It completely revolutionizes and improves layout, routing, scheduling, purchasing, stores keeping and accounting. Monotony refers to a mental state of slackness, inefficiency and a loss of interest in the job. They object the introduction of the principles of Scientific Management on the following grounds.
Scientific Management — Advantages and Disadvantages Advantages of Scientific management The following are the principal advantages of scientific management. But now its scope is enlarged to cover all other aspects of the industrial management.
Standardization of tools, materials, techniquesequipments for increasing efficiency e. It seeks a reduction in the cost of production through increased output. The Scientific Management places emphasis on discovering the one best way of doing a work without considering the individual difference of the workers.
We shall now briefly examine the criticisms leveled by these three parties under distinct headings: It would create monotony. Disadvantages of Scientific Management In spite of the illuminating advantages referred above, the concept of Scientific Management has become a subject of burning criticism.Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of a scientific approach to the study of society.
Essay by RDJames, October download word file, 6 pages download word file, 6 pages 6 votes/5(6). Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of a scientific approach to the study of society. Words Oct 11th, 7 Pages Scientific approach can be defined as the involvement of standards and procedures for demonstrating the empirical warrant of its findings, showing the match or fit between its statements and what is happening or has.
Scientific approaches to understanding the world can be distinguished from other approaches in two fundamental and irrelevant ways, firstly, an approach that claim to be scientific irrespective of whether or not it originates in the field of natural or human science must demonstrably have empirical relevance to the world.
Key Advantages & Disadvantages of Scientific Management. By. Chitra Reddy. 0. Facebook. Twitter. Google+.
Scientific Management approach guarantee financial gain as there is increased efficiency, Advantages of Scientific. The Scientific Method The scientific method is an attempt to understand the world thorugh observation, analysis and deduction. It requires a trust in emperical eveidence (our knowledge comes from our senses).
Various Advantages and Disadvantages of Scientific Management from employers, employees and Industrial Psychologists point of view are detailed in this post.Download