Essay on the origin of amphibia

There is no external ear, but the large circular eardrum lies on the surface of the head just behind the eye. The bones are fully ossified and the vertebrae interlock with each other by means of overlapping processes.

As forests started invading land, followed by invertebrates, these primitive labyrinthodonts also tried to venture on land in pursuit of abundant prey or to escape predators. The body is ectothermic poikilothermous or cold blooded or adjusters.

Origin of Tetrapods (Amphibia)

Ninety-six percent of the over 5, extant species of frog are neobatrachians. Some of their features are primitive while others are derived. They are also called stem animals that evolved from stegocephalians, developed terrestrial adaptations, grew to become giants and became dominant terrestrial carnivores of Carboniferous and Permian.

Amphibians: Origin, Characters and Its Classification | Zoology

The spermatozoa move to the spermatheca in the roof of the cloaca where they remain until ovulation which may be many months later. Origin of Amphibians 3. They reproduce via direct development, an ecological and evolutionary adaptation that has allowed them to be completely independent from free-standing water.

These ancestors had large teeth with labyrinthine folds on enamel that traversed deep into dentine.

amphibian (adj.)

Most amphibians lay their eggs in water and have aquatic larvae that undergo metamorphosis to become terrestrial adults. In adults respiration is performed by lungs, skin and buccopharyngeal cavity. Intestine forms several loops. Gas exchange can take place through the skin cutaneous respiration and this allows adult amphibians to respire without rising to the surface of water and to hibernate at the bottom of ponds.

Young amphibians, like the larval frog or tadpole pictured here, spend their early years in the water, breathing through gills in the side of their head in much the same way as fish do.

Body was covered with dermal scales for protection. Certain primitive salamanders in the families Sirenidae, Hynobiidae and Cryptobranchidae practice external fertilisation in a similar manner to frogs, with the female laying the eggs in water and the male releasing sperm onto the egg mass.

Modern amphibians have fully ossified vertebrae with articular processes. They have a heart that consists of a single ventricle and two atria. Traditionally, amphibians as a class are defined as all tetrapods with a larval stage, while the group that includes the common ancestors of all living amphibians frogs, salamanders and caecilians and all their descendants is called Lissamphibia.

It is more aquatic and better known animal than Ichthyostega and anatomically intermediate between fish and tetrapods. By Carboniferous period there were dense gymnosperm forests all over the land areas. Restoration of Tiktaalikan advanced tetrapodomorph fish The first major groups of amphibians developed in the Devonian period, around million years ago, from lobe-finned fish which were similar to the modern coelacanth and lungfish.

Both tails and limbs can be regenerated. They are found worldwide except for polar areas. Pectoral and pelvic girdles are absent. It has rudimentary eyes covered in skin, which are probably limited to discerning differences in light intensity.

They had started to develop lungs, but still breathed predominantly with gills. Their lungs improved and their skeletons became heavier and stronger, better able to support the weight of their bodies on land. These are long, cylindrical, limbless animals with a snake- or worm-like form.

The ears are well developed in frogs. The pectoral girdle is supported by muscle, and the well-developed pelvic girdle is attached to the backbone by a pair of sacral ribs. The fossils of amphibian ancestors and early amphibians have been discovered in sediments of the middle and late Devonian period in Greenland and Australia.An amphibian is a cold-blooded vertebrate animal that is born in water and breathes with gills.

As the larva grows into its adult form, the animal's lungs develop the ability to breathe air, and the animal can live on land. Frogs, toads, and salamanders are all amphibians.

"one of the class of animals between fishes and reptiles, having gills and living in water in the early stage of life, later living on land," ; from amphibian (adj.). Amphibia was used in this sense from c.

medical Definition of Amphibia. 1: a class of subphylum Vertebrata comprising forms (as the frogs, toads, newts, and salamanders) that are intermediate in many respects between fishes and reptiles, are cold-blooded with nucleated red blood cells and a.

Amphibia: Life History and Ecology. The name amphibian means "double life", and is given to members of this group for the double life that they while adult amphibians usually live on land, their soft eggs must be laid in the water.

The eggs shown at left have just been shed by the female. The word "amphibian" is derived from the Ancient Greek term ἀμφίβιος (amphíbios), which means "both kinds of life", ἀμφί meaning "of both kinds" and βιος meaning "life".

The term was initially used as a general adjective for animals that could live on land or in water, including seals and otters.

Traditionally, the class Amphibia includes all tetrapod Class: Amphibia, Gray Amphibians are cold blooded, which means the body temperature is the same as the surrounding air, water, or soil. Some frogs can survive in freezing temperatures. The frog's body produces a chemical that acts like the antifreeze we use in cars.3/5(3).

Essay on the origin of amphibia
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