When Sherif asked his participants how far the light moved, how they responded varied depending on whether they were tested and asked individually or in groups.
The results concluded that participants would rather go along with the majority than say the correct answer and risk not being liked or accepted by the group Baumeister, et al. Conformity occurs when members of a group give in to perceived pressures from the other group members.
How often are we faced with making a judgment like the one Asch used, where the answer is plain to see? However, each of the two above groups was then split into two again: In everyday life disagreements occur over politics, religion, tastes etc. Asch measured the number of times each participant conformed to the majority view.
The confederates had agreed in advance what their responses would be when presented with the line task.
In so doing he could explore the true limits of social influence. His results and conclusions are given below: Asch Conformity Video Clip The clip below is not from the original experiment inbut an acted version for television from the s.
One study illustrated in the textbook on p. The results reveal that my hypothesis was correct and that conformity increases when more confederates are used in the experiment.
Social norms are instilled in society to prescribe what is deemed appropriate behavior Baumeister, et al.
If the participant gave an incorrect answer it would be clear that this was due to group pressure. In another variation of the original experiment, Asch broke up the unanimity total agreement of the group by introduced a dissenting confederate. Whereas Asch used male participants only, the new study involved both men and women.
Paraphrasing Kelman, conformity occurs to gain specific reward or approval or to avoid punishment or disapproval. Participants were told that a summary of their questionnaires would be given to the speaker public Participants were told that the findings would be kept private.
However, when the experimental group participants Desire to be a part of the "in" group. The absence of group unanimity lowers overall conformity as participant feel less need for social approval of the group re: By donning filter glasses similar to those used for watching 3-D movies, participants can view the same display and yet see different things.
This finding also suggests that they were in a conflict situation, finding it hard to decide whether to report what they saw or to conform to the opinion of others. When the study was carried out on young men on probation the rate of conformity was similar to those reported by Asch.
However, the male participants in the new study were not swayed by the majority view. Results do not appear to be consistent over time. This is because there are fewer group pressures and normative influence is not as powerful, as there is no fear of rejection from the group.
Evidence that participants in Asch-type situations are highly emotional was obtained by Back et al. Kim and Markus suggest that failing to conform is seen as a strength in Western society whereas collectivist societies see it as deviant behaviour.
Clearly research of the s! As with compliance there does not have to be change in private opinion. Clearly, the presence of an ally decreases conformity.
The experiment results and past research reveals that behavior can be influenced by social norms, as well as by the influence of conformity. When the participants in the control group were tested individually, very few incorrect responses were given.
This means that the study lacks population validity and that the results cannot be generalized to females or older groups of people. You sign up for a psychology experiment, and on a specified date you and seven others whom you think are also participants arrive and are seated at a table in a small room.
However, what is considered to be appropriate behavior can change depending on the situation and the influence of conformity. My experiment took place in Fashion Square mall on a busy Saturday afternoon.
One limitation of the study is that is used a biased sample. Unlock This Study Guide Now Start your hour free trial to unlock this page Conformity study guide and get instant access to the following:This essay will describe and evaluate several major studies of conformity.
Conformity has been defined in number of ways. For example, in the original experiment, 32% of participants conformed on the critical trials, whereas when one confederate gave the correct answer on all the critical trials conformity dropped to 5%.Author: Saul Mcleod.
Explanations for conformity: informational social influence and normative social influence, Findings of this sort of research Also worth mentioning in an essay question is the information Crutchfield found out about the personalities of conformist individuals by administering a personality test after the procedure.
According to this. Conformity is behavior that complies with socially accepted standards, conventions, rules, or laws among groups, which occurs when members of a group give in to perceived pressures from the other.
Research Findings Relating to Conformity Essay Words | 4 Pages Research Findings Relating to Conformity Conformity is the social process by which people in a group or in a social circle engage in behaviour which appears to be socially acceptable, that is they go along with the social expectations apparent at the time.
Free Essay: Research Findings Relating to Conformity Conformity is the social process by which people in a group or in a social circle engage in behaviour.Download